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Application of Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism--PCR method for distinguishing cheese bacterial communities that inhibit Listeria monocytogenes

Saubusse, M., Millet, L., Delbes, C., Callon, C., Montel, M.C.
International journal of food microbiology 2007 v.116 no.1 pp. 126-135
cheeses, microorganisms, isolation, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus, Chryseobacterium, Lactococcus garvieae, Lactococcus lactis, lactic acid bacteria, competitive exclusion, Listeria monocytogenes, raw milk, cheese milk, food pathogens, bacterial contamination, antibacterial properties, single-stranded conformational polymorphism, nucleotide sequences
The aim of this study was to compare the microbial communities of different cheeses where Listeria monocytogenes either grew or did not grow. For this purpose, (i) isolates from the most inhibitory cheese ecosystem were identified and their ability to produce anti-Listeria substances was determined, (ii) bacterial communities of cheeses with and without L. monocytogenes growth were compared using the Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism method. The study showed SSCP to be an effective tool for differentiating between the bacterial communities of different cheeses manufactured with the same technology. All the cheeses with the lowest L. monocytogenes counts on day 8 were distinguished by the dominance in their SSCP profiles, after amplification of the V2 region of the 16S rRNA gene, of 3 peaks whose nucleotide sequences comigrated with Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus saccharominimus, Chryseobacterium sp and Corynebacterium flavescens, Lactococcus garvieae and Lactococcus lactis respectively. However, no anti-Listeria compounds were produced under our experimental conditions. These six bacterial species were inoculated, separately or together, into pasteurised milk and their anti-listerial activity in cheese was evaluated. The area of inhibition between the control and trial curves confirmed that L. monocytogenes is inhibited by E. saccharominimus, C. flavescens, L. lactis, L. garvieae and the mixture of all six bacterial strains. Further studies should be performed to determine the metabolites involved in L. monocytogenes inhibition.