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HACCP implementation and economic optimality in turkey processing

Nganje, W.E., Kaitibie, S., Sorin, A.
Agribusiness 2007 v.23 no.2 pp. 211-228
food processing plants, turkey meat, sanitary and phytosanitary regulations, food inspection, HACCP, compliance, optimization, decision making, econometric models, economic costs, cost effectiveness, cost benefit analysis, disease control, bacterial contamination, food contamination, sampling, food pathogens, Salmonella, critical control points, risk assessment, stochastic processes
Regulatory impact assessment suggests that Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a cost-effective food safety regulation that is highly beneficial to society. This study focuses on firm-level costs and benefits from adoption of specific critical control points. A stochastic optimization framework is used to determine optimal testing and sampling strategies for Salmonella reduction in turkey processing. Results show that under The Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) mandated tolerance levels, processors need to designate no more than five critical control points, three more than what is included in the generic HACCP plan. Moves to tighten tolerances should be considered carefully because additional implementation costs tend to increase exponentially. [EconLit Citations: Q18, D81, C61]