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Germination of Salicornia bigelovii Ecotypes under Stressing Conditions of Temperature and Salinity and Ameliorative Effects of Plant Growth-promoting Bacteria

Rueda-Puente, E.O., García-Hernández, J.L., Preciado-Rangel, P., Murillo-Amador, B., Tarazón-Herrera, M.A., Flores-Hernández, A., Holguin-Peña, J., Aybar, A.N., Barrón Hoyos, J.M., Weimers, D., Mwandemele, O., Kaaya, G., Mayoral, J.L., Troyo-Diéguez, E.
Journal of agronomy and crop science 2007 v.193 no.3 pp. 167-176
soil inoculation, seedling growth, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, height, Azospirillum halopraeferens, roots, Salicornia bigelovii, dry matter accumulation, heat stress, halophytes, length, air temperature, night temperature, sodium chloride, salt stress, seed germination, salinity, ecotypes, geographical variation, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Mexico
Salinity is a major stress condition. Salicornia bigelovii is a valuable edible halophyte, considered to be a promising resource for cultivation in arid coastal zones. Its productivity depends on the supplementary provision of nitrogen, for which an option is chemical fertilization. Nevertheless, indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers contributes to the problem of increased salinity. The inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) represents an alternative. Seed ecotypes from four coastal areas [Santa Rosa Chica, Santa Rosa Grande, Santa Cruz and Cerro Prieto (CP), Sonora, México] were collected, in order to inoculate them with two species of PGPB (Azospirillum halopraeferens and Klebsiella pneumoniae). Two germination tests were carried out to study the effect of salinity, temperature regime (night/day) and inoculation with PGPB on germination (percentage and rate), plant height, root length and biomass produced (fresh and dry matter). In the first test, all four ecotypes were considered, whereas in the second test only the CP ecotype was involved because it was found to be the outstanding ecotype in the previous test. Results showed inhibition of germination when salinity was higher in all ecotypes except CP. The CP ecotype showed a decrease of seed germination with an increase in NaCl concentrations at all temperatures tested. However, when it was inoculated with both PGPB, the germination percentage was influenced.