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Plant regeneration from protoplasts of Musa acuminata cv. Mas (AA) via somatic embryogenesis

Xiao, Wang, Huang, Xue-Lin, Huang, Xia, Chen, Ya-Ping, Dai, Xue-Mei, Zhao, Jie-Tang
Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture 2007 v.90 no.2 pp. 191-200
protoplasts, dose response, zeatin, explants, culture media, Musa acuminata, somatic embryogenesis, benzyladenine, micropropagation, in vitro regeneration, bananas, somatic embryos
A protocol for plant regeneration from protoplasts of Musa acuminata cv. Mas (AA) via somatic embryogenesis was developed. Viable protoplasts were isolated from embryogenic cell suspensions at a yield of 1.2 x 10⁷ protoplasts/ml packed cell volume (PCV). Liquid and feeder layer culture systems with medium-A and medium-B were used for protoplast culture. In liquid culture system, medium-B was more efficient for inducing cell division (17.5% at 14 days) and colony formation (6.7% at 28 days) than medium-A. However, all protoplast-derived cell colonies (PDCC) obtained from liquid culture system could not develop further. In feeder layer culture system, there was no significant difference between medium-A and medium-B on cell division and colony formation of the cultured protoplasts, and the cell division frequency at 14 days and colony formation frequency at 28 days were 24.5% and 11.2%, respectively, in medium-B. Comparative study on the effects of BAP (2.2 μM, 4.4 μM, 8.8 μM), zeatin (0.4 μM, 0.8 μM, 1.2 μM) and TDZ (0.2 μM, 0.4 μM, 0.6 μM) on embryo formation of PDCC from feeder-layer culture indicated that TDZ was best. TDZ at 0.4 μM induced 7906 mature embryos per ml PCV PDCC, which was 4-fold the frequency as with BAP at 4.4 μM, 7.5-fold as with zeatin at 0.8 μM and 150-fold as control medium (no mentioned cytokinins) after 45 days on M3 medium. About 44% of the mature embryos were converted into plantlets with poor root system after subculture on M4 medium. Root further development of regenerated plantlets was promoted by addition of activated charcoal (AC) to MS basal medium.