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Alkaline degradation of invert sugar from molasses

Yang, B.Y., Montgomery, R.
Bioresource technology 2007 v.98 no.16 pp. 3084-3089
deicing agents, beet sugar, cane sugar, molasses, carbohydrate composition, beta-fructofuranosidase, freezing point, sodium hydroxide, sucrose, hydrolysis, acid hydrolysis, hydrolysates, glucose, fructose, raffinose
Sugar beet and sugar cane molasses have been shown to be suitable starting materials for producing de-icer preparations. The sucrose in the molasses is hydrolyzed to glucose and fructose by invertase. The reducing sugars are then degraded by NaOH, the alkali being neutralized by the sugar acids produced, resulting in an increase of the ionic strength and consequently depression of the freezing point of the resulting solution. For the preparation of de-icers, the desired freezing point depression to a temperature of less than about -20 °C can be achieved by adjusting the amount and concentration of the alkali metal hydroxide used. The resulting products are biodegradable and eliminate the corrosive effects associated with the use of conventional chloride salts. Degradation of invert sugar by NaOH has been achieved without an external heat source. The reaction products showed the same freezing point depression as seen in the degradation products from pure glucose.