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Auxin metabolic network regulates the plant response to metalloids stress

Harshita Singh, Javaid Akhter Bhat, Vijay Pratap Singh, Francisco J. Corpas, Shri Ram Yadav
Journal of hazardous materials 2021 v.405 pp. 124250
auxins, biochemical pathways, food security, metalloids, microorganisms, plant growth, plant hormones, plant response, risk, soil, toxicity
Metalloids are among the major pollutants posing a risk to the environment and global food security. Plant roots uptake these toxic metalloids from the soil along with other essential minerals. Plants respond to metalloid stress by regulating the distribution and levels of various endogenous phytohormones. Recent research showed that auxin is instrumental in mediating resilience to metalloid-induced stress in plants. Exogenous supplementation of the auxin or plant growth-promoting micro-organisms (PGPMs) alleviates metalloid uptake, localization, and accumulation in the plant tissues, thereby improving plant growth under metalloid stress. Moreover, auxin triggers various biological responses such as the production of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants to combat nitro-oxidative stress induced by the metalloids. However, an in-depth understanding of the auxin stimulated molecular and physiological responses to the metalloid toxicity needs to be investigated in future studies. The current review attempts to provide an update on the recent advances and the current state-of-the-art associated with auxin and metalloid interaction, which could be used as a start point to develop biotechnological tools and create an eco-friendly environment.