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Habitat segregation of mosquito arbovirus vectors in south Florida

Author:
Rey, J.R., Nishimura, N., Wagner, B., Braks, M.A.H., O'Connell, S.M., Lounibos, L.P.
Source:
Journal of medical entomology 2006 v.43 no.6 pp. 1134-1141
ISSN:
0022-2585
Subject:
Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes albopictus, Aedes aegypti, Culex nigripalpus, insect vectors, arboviruses, habitats, habitat preferences, spatial distribution, rural areas, urban areas, urbanization, species differences, ovitraps, Florida
Abstract:
Oviposition traps set in rural to urban environments in three south Florida counties were colonized predominantly by Culex quinquefasciatus Say (35.1%), Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (34.5%), Aedes aegypti (L.) (23.8%), and Culex nigripalpus Theobald (6.6%) during 1 yr of monthly sampling. Significant differences were detected among counties for abundances of Cx. quinquefasciatus and for percentage composition of that species and Ae. albopictus. Aerial images of habitats around each collection site were digitized, and coverages by each of 16 habitat variables were recorded. Abundances of Ae. aegypti were positively related to habitat variables associated with urbanization and negatively correlated to those reflecting rural characteristics. Multiple regression models of habitat selection explained similar proportions of variances in abundance of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus, but signs of significant variables were opposite for these two species. No consistent trends of habitat associations were observed among counties for the two Culex spp. Co-occurrences of the four species in individual traps depended on container type (tub versus cup), and, for Aedes spp. with Culex spp., county. The results underscore the importance of scale in evaluating habitat selection and the utility of quantifiable habitat characteristics of intermediate scale to identify site characteristics favored by the arboviral vectors Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus.
Agid:
715925