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Strawberry, loquat, mulberry, and bitter melon juices exhibit prophylactic effects on LPS-induced inflammation using murine peritoneal macrophages

Lin, J.Y., Tang, C.Y.
Food chemistry 2008 v.107 no.4 pp. 1587-1596
anti-inflammatory activity, strawberries, vegetable juices, dose response, interleukins, loquats, mulberries, macrophages, human nutrition, human physiology, cultured cells, tumor necrosis factors, Momordica charantia, fruit juices, protective effect
We hypothesized the juices from strawberry, loquat, mulberry and bitter melon exhibit anti-inflammatory activities using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophage cultures. Selected juices were administered as a prophylactic, postmortem or concurrent event relative to LPS stimulation to clarify the effective mechanisms. Selected fruits and vegetable juices were administered to macrophage cultures for 24 h prior to LPS stimulation (model A). Selected samples were administered to cell cultures at 24 h following LPS treatment (model B). Selected fruits and vegetable juices and LPS were simultaneously co-cultured with macrophages for 24 h (model C). The LPS-induced secretions of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were determined. The results showed that strawberry, loquat, mulberry and bitter melon administration increased IL-10 production by LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages in dose-dependent manners in experimental model A. Simultaneously, loquat, mulberry, and bitter melon administrations significantly (P < 0.05) decreased the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and/or TNF-α. Administration with loquat and bitter melon to experimental model C significantly increased IL-10 production. This study suggests that strawberry, loquat, mulberry, and bitter melon juices exhibit a prophylactic effect on LPS-induced inflammation of peritoneal macrophages via increasing anti-inflammatory cytokine and/or decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokines secretions.