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Induction of dendritic cell-mediated immune responses against canine malignant melanoma cells

Tamura, K., Yamada, M., Isotani, M., Arai, H., Yagihara, H., Ono, K., Washizu, T., Bonkobara, M.
Veterinary journal 2008 v.175 no.1 pp. 126-129
dogs, dog diseases, melanoma, metastasis, vaccination, vaccines, dendritic cells, protective effect, in vivo studies, bone marrow cells, in vitro culture, culture media, cell-mediated immunity, CD4-positive T-lymphocytes, CD8-positive T-lymphocytes, delayed hypersensitivity, skin tests
To establish the basis for the use of dendritic cells (DC) in the treatment of canine melanoma, dogs were vaccinated using autologous DC pulsed with canine melanoma CMM2 cell lysate in the presence of keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH) in vitro (CMM2-KLH-DC), and the induction of immune responses against CMM2 cells in vivo was examined using the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test. The DTH responses against CMM2 cells and KLH were observed in dogs vaccinated with CMM2-KLH-DC, while the responses against KLH but not CMM2 cells were detected with DC pulsed with KLH alone (KLH-DC). Recruitment of CD8 and CD4 T cells was detected in the positively responding sites, suggested that vaccination with CMM2-KLH-DC efficiently elicits T cell-mediated immunity against CMM-2 cells in vivo. These findings demonstrate the potential utility of DC-based tumour vaccination in the treatment of canine malignant melanoma.