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Pharmacokinetic behaviour of enrofloxacin in greater rheas following a single-dose intramuscular administration

Author:
Lucas, J.J. de, Navarro, J.L., Rubio, S., Vignolo, P.E., Asis, V.C., Gonzalez, F., Rodriguez, C.
Source:
Veterinary journal 2008 v.175 no.1 pp. 136-138
ISSN:
1090-0233
Subject:
rheas, Rhea, veterinary drugs, enrofloxacin, drug evaluation, pharmacokinetics, dosage, intramuscular injection, young animals, blood chemistry, metabolites, ciprofloxacin, half life, drug therapy, bacterial infections
Abstract:
The pharmacokinetic behaviour of enrofloxacin in greater rheas was investigated after intramuscular (IM) administration of 15 mg/kg. Plasma concentrations of enrofloxacin and its active metabolite, ciprofloxacin, were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Enrofloxacin peak plasma concentration (Cmax = 3.30 ± 0.90 μg/mL) was reached at 24.17 ± 9.17 min. The terminal half-life (t1/2λ) and area under the curve (AUC) were 2.85 ± 0.54 h and 4.18 ± 0.69 μg h/mL, respectively. The AUC and Cmax for ciprofloxacin were 0.25 ± 0.06 μg/mL and 0.66 ± 0.16 μg h/mL, respectively. Taking into account the values obtained for the efficacy indices, an IM dose of 15 mg/kg of enrofloxacin would appear to be adequate for treating infections caused by highly susceptible bacteria (MIC90 < 0.03 μg/mL) in greater rheas.
Agid:
721107