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Separation of phenols and furfural by pervaporation and reverse osmosis membranes from biomass-- superheated steam pyrolysis-derived aqueous solution

Author:
Sagehashi, M., Nomura, T., Shishido, H., Sakoda, A.
Source:
Bioresource technology 2007 v.98 no.10 pp. 2018-2026
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
renewable energy sources, biomass, phenols, furfural, pyrolysis
Abstract:
The separation of valuable chemicals from raw products, where a great number of chemicals coexist, is the key technology in biomass refinery. In this study, the applicability of membrane separation of valuable chemicals from our currently developed portable superheated steam (SHS) biomass pyrolysis process was demonstrated. Phenols (phenol, p-cresol, guaiacol, methyl guaiacol, and ethyl guaiacol), furfural, and acetone were successfully separated by pervaporation using the silicone rubber membrane from model solutions and an actual SHS derived aqueous solution. The solution was also concentrated effectively by reverse osmosis separation using a polyamide membrane. When a high concentration of SHS solution was fed to the pervaporation process, a phase-separated permeate was obtained, which indicated that the reverse osmosis concentration combined with pervaporation separation is useful for the superheated steam process.
Agid:
722530