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Methodological considerations for the enrichment of bone marrow endothelial and mesenchymal stromal cells

Evan L. Dray, Carey G. Ousley, Daniel B. McKim
Molecular immunology 2021 v.131 pp. 127-136
bone marrow, collagenase, deoxyribonucleases, dissociation, elastase, flow cytometry, hyaluronoglucosaminidase, immunology, magnetism, mesenchymal stromal cells
Stromal cells are critical regulators of bone marrow hematopoietic niches, but assessment of their regulatory roles has been impeded by difficult and ineffective dissociation methods. Here, we methodically address bone marrow stromal cell dissociation. Yield of bone marrow CD45⁻/Ter119⁻/CD31⁺/CD202b⁺ endothelial cells (ECs) and CD45⁻/Ter119⁻/CD44⁻/PDGFR⁺ mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) were determined by flow cytometry. Liberase DL, Collagenase D, and Dispase II (all supplemented with DNase) enhanced EC and MSC yields, with Dispase II + DNase proving most effective. Combinations of these enzymes did not exhibit additive benefits, nor did the addition of Elastase, TrypLE, Hyaluronidase, or Accutase. Similarly, common mechanical dissociation approaches also proved ineffective. However, the combination of gentle Dispase II + DNase dissociation with magnetic sorting dramatically enriched both ECs and MSCs. This work methodically addressed common approaches for bone marrow stromal dissociation and established an effective approach for enrichment.