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Insoluble dietary fibre scavenges reactive carbonyl species under simulated physiological conditions: The key role of fibre-bound polyphenols

Zhang, Hao, Troise, Antonio Dario, Qi, Yajing, Wu, Gangcheng, Zhang, Hui, Fogliano, Vincenzo
Food chemistry 2021 v.349 pp. 129018
acrolein, blackberries, cabbage, dietary fiber, digestion, digestive tract, food chemistry, hydrolysis, insoluble fiber, malondialdehyde, polyphenols, polysaccharides, pomace, wheat bran
Polyphenols bound to insoluble fibre may scavenge reactive carbonyl species by surface chemical reactions. In the present study, this hypothesis was tested by investigating the ability of bound-polyphenol rich insoluble dietary fibre (BP-IDF) isolated from blackberry pomace, red cabbage, and wheat bran in scavenging carbonyl compounds. Three BP-IDF showed high scavenging efficacy for glyoxal, methylglyoxal, acrolein and malondialdehyde. Upon in vitro digestion, trapping capacity was retained by the insoluble fraction suggesting that carbonyl trapping activity and physiological relevance needs to be extended to undigestible materials. The removal of bound polyphenols from the polysaccharide backbones through alkaline and acidic treatment reduced by up to 90% of trapping capacity of BP-IDF. Moreover, methylglyoxal-polyphenol adducts were detected bound to blackberry pomace BP-IDF after hydrolysis. These findings demonstrated that polyphenols bound to IDF scavenged reactive carbonyl species and highlighted the physiological relevance of BP-IDF in limiting carbonyl stress along all the gastrointestinal tract.