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Effects of bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis on productivity in a dairy herd in Israel
- Blum, S., Mazuz, M., Brenner, J., Friedgut, O., Koren, O., Goshen, T., Elad, D.
- Veterinary journal 2008 v.176 no.2 pp. 245-247
- cattle diseases, vaginitis, bacterial infections, Porphyromonas levii, case studies, disease outbreaks, dairy cows, disease prevalence, disease transmission, lactation, milk yield, parturition interval, therapeutics, dairy herd management, culling (animals), Israel
- Bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV) is characterized by the development of a necrotic vulvovaginal lesion, almost exclusively in post-parturient first-lactation cows, associated with Porphyromonas levii. The scope of this survey was to evaluate the impact of BNVV on herd productivity as a means to rationally evaluate the resources that should be allocated in dealing with the syndrome. During an outbreak of BNVV in a dairy herd, following the introduction of a large number of cows from another farm, the impact of the animals' origin (local or transferred) and BNVV (positive or negative) upon involuntary culling rate, milk yield and days between pregnancies were assessed. The results indicated that the number of days between pregnancies was significantly higher in first-lactation cows with BNVV but was not influenced by the other independent variables. None of the other variables included in this survey had any effect on the involuntary culling rate and milk yield.