Main content area

Sterolic composition of Chétoui virgin olive oil: Influence of geographical origin

Temime, Sonia Ben, Manai, Hedia, Methenni, Kaouther, Baccouri, Bechir, Abaza, Leila, Daoud, Douja, Casas, Jacinto Sánchez, Bueno, Emilio Osorio, Zarrouk, Mokhtar
Food chemistry 2008 v.110 no.2 pp. 368-374
sterols, provenance, olive oil, Olea europaea, food analysis, food composition, cultivars, lipid composition, beta-sitosterol, campesterol, environmental factors, Tunisia
The sterol profile of Tunisian virgin olive oils produced from Chétoui cultivar, the second main variety cultivated in the north of the country, grown under different environmental conditions, was established by gas chromatography using a flame ionisation detector. More than ten compounds were identified and characterised. As expected for virgin olive oil, the main sterols found in all Chétoui olive oils were β-sitosterol, Δ5-avenasterol, campesterol and stigmasterol. Cholesterol, 24-methylenecholesterol, clerosterol, campestanol, sitostanol, Δ7-stigmastenol, Δ5,24-stigmastadienol, and Δ7-avenasterol were also found in all samples, but in lower amounts. Most of these compounds are significantly affected by the geographical origin. The majority of the Chétoui virgin olive oils analysed respected EC Regulation No. 2568, and in all cases total sterol amounts were higher than the minimum limit set by legislation, ranging from 1017 to 1522mg/kg. Two triterpenic dialcohols (erythrodiol and uvaol), were also detected besides the sterolic components. Their content was below the upper legal limit of 4% in all analysed samples, with a range from 1.2% to 3.2%. These results suggest that, besides the genetic factor, environmental conditions influence the sterolic fraction.