U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Progress and prospects of thick-film organic solar cells

Yilin Chang, Xiangwei Zhu, Kun Lu, Zhixiang Wei
Journal of materials chemistry A 2021 v.9 no.6 pp. 3125-3150
chemistry, commercialization, probability
With the continuous improvements in the performances of laboratory-scale organic solar cells (OSCs), the development of efficient OSCs with thick active layers compatible with large-area printing processes is an inevitable requirement for commercialization in this field. Although high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of over 17% have been achieved using non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs) in thin-film OSCs, the performance of thick-film OSCs lag behind those of thin-film OSCs owing to the increased probability of charge recombination in thick film. To realize a transition from the laboratory-scale to industrial high-throughput manufacturing, the foremost aspect is to develop highly efficient photoactive materials that are capable of exhibiting attractive performances under a thick film with an optimal morphology for charge generation and transport. In this review, we summarize the developments of materials used for efficient thick-film OSCs over the last decades and present the remaining challenges for realizing the practical application of OSCs.