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Frequencies of PRNP Gene Polymorphisms in Vietnamese Dairy Cattle for Potential Association with BSE

Muramatsu, Y., Sakemi, Y., Horiuchi, M., Ogawa, T., Suzuki, K., Kanameda, M., Hanh, T.T., Tamura, Y.
Zoonoses and public health 2008 v.55 no.5 pp. 267-273
genes, genetic polymorphism, dairy cattle, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, zoonoses, cattle diseases, Vietnam
Since 2004, significant associations between bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) susceptibility in cattle and frequencies of insertion/deletion (ins/del; indel) polymorphisms within the bovine prion protein gene (PRNP) have been reported. In this study, we investigated the frequencies of indel polymorphisms within two variable sites, a 23-bp indel polymorphism in the promoter region (23indel) and a 12-bp indel polymorphism in intron 1 region (12indel), in the PRNP in 206 Vietnamese dairy cattle and seven Japanese BSE-affected cattle. In Vietnamese dairy cattle, the frequency distributions of del allele and del/del genotypic polymorphisms in the 23indel site, which are thought to be associated with BSE susceptibility, were significantly higher, whereas the frequencies of del allelic and del/del genotypic polymorphisms in the 12indel site, which have been reported to confer BSE susceptibility, were significantly lower. We have provided evidence that Vietnamese dairy cattle have a unique genetic background in the PRNP gene in comparison with cattle or sires previously reported in other countries.