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Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra of Drying Oils Treated by Irradiation

Wang, Y., Wang, Q., Artz, W.E., Padua, G.W.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2008 v.56 no.9 pp. 3043-3048
drying oils, ionizing radiation, drying, irradiation, linseed oil, tung oil, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Drying oils, such as linseed oil and tung oil, have the potential as coating materials to improve barrier properties of biobased packaging films. Oil drying is a chemical reaction in which polyunsaturated fatty acids undergo autoxidation. During drying, oils polymerize and form water-resistant films. However, drying rates tend to be too slow for practical applications. Metal driers are used in the paint industry to accelerate drying, but often driers are not safe for food contact. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of ionizing radiation on the oxidation or drying rate of drying oils. The effect of irradiation dose on the drying rate of linseed and tung oils was monitored by FTIR spectroscopy. The peak at 3010 cm-1 was found to be a useful index of oxidation rate. The decrease in peak intensity with time was fitted with exponential functions of the form Abs = Abs0 exp (-t/k), where Abs0 is the initial absorbance and 1/k is the rate constant for the oxidation process. Values for k were 9.91 (R2 = 0.98), 6.59 (R2 = 0.95)n and 6.44 (R2 = 0.97) for radiation levels of 0, 50, and 100 kGy, respectively. The k values suggested that the oxidation rate increased as the radiation dose increased from 0 to 50 kGy. A further increase to 100 kGy had only a limited effect.