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Characterization of an IκB-like gene in Cotesia vestalis polydnavirus

Chen, Ya-Feng, Shi, Min, Liu, Peng-Cheng, Huang, Fang, Chen, Xue-xin
Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology 2008 v.68 no.2 pp. 71-78
parasitoids, Polydnaviridae, phylogeny, amino acid sequences, gene duplication, transcription (genetics), Cotesia, molecular cloning, exons, sequence homology
Cotesia vestalis (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) depends mainly on 3 regulatory factors to manipulate its host's development and immune response, including polydnavirus, venom, and teratocytes, among which polydnavirus plays a key role in suppressing the host immune system. In the present work, we cloned the full sequence of gene CvBV-ank2, encoding an IκB-like protein in C. vestalis polydnavirus (CvBV). The full sequence of CvBV-ank2 is 955 bp, encoding 162 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 18,355 Da. CvBV-ank2 shares high similarity with the exon I and exon II of CvBV-ank1, which is on the same segment with CvBV-ank2. This result suggests that gene duplication might occur in CvBV-ank1 and CvBV-ank2. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that CvBV-ank2 and CvBV-ank1, both on segment CvBV-S2, are, respectively, closely related with CcBV[horizontal bar]26.3 and CcBV[horizontal bar]26.2, both on segment Circle26 of C. congregata polydnavirus (CcBV). BLAST search using the sequence of segment CvBV-S2 as a query revealed that segment CvBV-S2 shares 90% max identity with segment Circle26 of CcBV over 67% query coverage. These results demonstrate that there is not only gene similarity, but also segment similarity between CvBV and CcBV. Transcripts of CvBV-ank2 were detected as early as 0.5 h post-parasitization and continued to be detected for 6 days, indicating that CvBV-ank2 might be involved in the early protection of the parasitoid egg. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 2008.