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Honey proteomic signatures for the identification of honey adulterated with syrup, producing country, and nectar source using SWATH-MS approach

Zheng, Yi-Feng, Wu, Ming-Cheng, Chien, Han-Ju, Wang, Wei-Chen, Kuo, Cheng-Yu, Lai, Chien-Chen
Food chemistry 2021 v.354 pp. 129590
adulterated products, biomarkers, chemometrics, discriminant analysis, food chemistry, food composition, honey, longans, mass spectrometry, models, nectar, prediction, proteomics, syrups, therapeutics, Taiwan, Thailand
Honey is widely consumed by humans, due to its multiple applications as a food constituent and its therapeutic effects. This study reports on the discrimination of honey products from different geographical and botanical sources, as well as honey products containing distinct forms of syrup used in honey adulteration. Sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra mass spectrometry (SWATH-MS)-based proteomic analysis combined with chemometrics was successfully applied in identifying characteristic proteins that can be used as biomarkers of the original source of honey. Honey samples from different producing regions (Tainan, Changhua, and Taichung), countries (Taiwan and Thailand), and distinct botanical sources (longan and litchi) were clearly distinguished by the developed orthogonal projections to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model with good fitness and prediction ability. Furthermore, we successfully discriminated the adulteration of honey with syrup in different proportions (even with honey content as low as 20%) with this proteomic SWATH-MS platform.