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Effects of Dry Period Length on Milk Production and Health of Dairy Cattle

Watters, R.D., Guenther, J.N., Brickner, A.E., Rastani, R.R., Crump, P.M., Clark, P.W., Grummer, R.R.
Journal of dairy science 2008 v.91 no.7 pp. 2595-2603
immunoglobulin G, milk protein percentage, free fatty acids, calving, animal health, dairy cattle, metabolic diseases, bovine mastitis, lactation number, milk fat percentage, energy balance, postpartum period, cow colostrum, milk yield, somatic cell count, disease incidence
Holstein cows (n = 781) in a commercial dairy herd were used in a randomized design to evaluate 2 dry period (DP) management strategies on milk production, milk components, milk quality, colostrum quality, and incidence of metabolic disorders. Cows were randomly assigned to a traditional 55 d (T) or shortened 34 d (S) DP. Cows assigned to T were fed a low-energy diet until 34 d before expected calving at which time all cows were fed a moderate-energy transition diet until calving. Postpartum, cows assigned to T produced more milk and tended to produce more solids-corrected milk than cows on S. Treatment differences in milk and solids-corrected milk yield were accounted for by cows in their second lactation. Milk fat percentage did not differ between treatments, but milk protein percentage was greater for cows assigned to S. Colostrum quality measured as IgG concentration did not differ between management strategies. Somatic cell score and cases of mastitis were not affected by management strategy. There was a tendency for prepartum nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) to be lower for cows assigned to T compared with S. However, postpartum, cows assigned to S had significantly lower NEFA concentrations than those assigned to T. The incidences of ketosis, retained placenta, displaced abomasum, and metritis did not differ between treatments. Postpartum energy balance, as indicated by plasma NEFA, may have been improved for cows assigned to S; there was no detectable effect on animal health.