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The yield and nutritional value of meat from African ungulates, camelidae, rodents, ratites and reptiles

Hoffman, L.C.
Meat science 2008 v.80 no.1 pp. 94-100
llamas, alpacas, rodents, ratites, reptiles, alternative livestock, meat carcasses, carcass yield, fatty acid composition, lipid content, cholesterol, meat quality, camels, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, Myocastor coypus, nutritive value
The current knowledge of the yield and nutritional (proximate and fatty acid) composition of meat derived from African ungulates, camelidae, rodents, ratites and reptiles is reviewed. Although most of the species discussed give low cholesterol levels consistent with their low meat lipid contents, the tegu lizard gives a very low level (18.2mg/100g tissue). The fatty acid profiles of the various species all have low saturated fatty acids and high polyunsaturated fatty acids resulting in favourable saturated to polyunsaturated fatty acid ratios. Although the springbok, camel, ostrich and crocodile are marketed and exported to sophisticated markets, the rodents are the species that show most promise in becoming large commercial commodities. Not only is their meat desirable and nutritional, but they are also highly adaptable to extensive and intensive production systems.