U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Associations between SNP83 of phosphodiesterase 4D gene and carotid atherosclerosis in a southern Chinese Han population: a case–control study

Liu-yu Liu, Dong-can Mo, Jian-li Li, Yi-ying Jiang, Guo-qiu Zhou, Dong-dong Jiang, Li-jie Chen, Xiao-ju Wu, Jiao-xing Li, Man Luo
Mammalian genome 2021 v.32 no.2 pp. 115-122
Chinese people, atherosclerosis, carotid arteries, case-control studies, cigarettes, color, diabetes mellitus, gender, genes, genotype, glycohemoglobin, hypertension, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, mammals, models, stroke, ultrasonography
Atherosclerosis was an important pathophysiological basis of atherothrombotic stroke, and phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) polymorphism (SNP83/rs966221) was reported to be associated with the susceptibility to atherothrombotic stroke. Aim of the present study was to explore the potential association between SNP83 and carotid atherosclerosis (CAS). 204 southern Chinese Han participants were divided into two groups according to the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery: CAS group (carotid IMT ≥ 1.0 mm) and non-CAS group (carotid IMT < 1.0 mm). Carotid IMT was measured by color Doppler ultrasound. The PDE4D SNP83 polymorphism was determined by SNaPshot technique. Our study found that SNP83 was associated significantly with CAS susceptibility under the dominant, overdominant and codominant models. After adjusting for age, gender, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Hemoglobin A1c, cigarette smoking, hypertension history, and diabetes mellitus history, the association still remained significant (dominant model: crude OR = 2.373, 95% CI: 1.268–4.442, P = 0.007; adjusted OR = 3.129, 95% CI: 1.104–8.866, P = 0.032; overdominant model: crude OR = 1.968, 95% CI: 1.043–3.714, P = 0.037; adjusted OR = 2.854, 95% CI: 1.005–8.108, P = 0.049; codominant: crude OR = 2.102, 95% CI: 1.110–3.979, P = 0.023; adjusted OR = 2.984, 95% CI: 1.047–8.502, P = 0.041). Carotid IMT of carriers with CT + CC genotypes was higher than carriers with TT genotype (P = 0.016). Our results indicated that the SNP83/rs966221 located on PDE4D gene was significantly associated between CAS susceptibility and carotid IMT independently of conventional risk factors in a southern Chinese Han population.