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Tocopherol and tocotrienol contents of raw and processed fruits and vegetables in the United States diet

Chun, J., Lee, J., Ye, L., Exler, J., Eitenmiller, R.R.
Subtropical plant science 2006 v.19 no.2-3 pp. 196
fruits (food), raw vegetables, tomatoes, beans, potatoes, broccoli, peas, cooked foods, frozen foods, processed foods, food analysis, chemical composition, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, tocotrienols, vitamin content, United States
Tocopherol and tocotrienol contents of raw fruits and vegetables and processed products were determined by saponification and normal phase liquid chromatography. All samples were either locally obtained or collected as part of the US Department of Agriculture's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program (NFNAP). All fruits, vegetables and processed products were selected from the USDA Key Foods list. The study included 32 raw and processed fruits, 22 raw vegetables, various tomato products, baked beans, cooked potatoes, frozen broccoli and frozen green peas. α-Tocopherol (α-T) was detectable in all products and usually represented the vitamin E form present in highest quantity. γ-Tocopherol (γ-T) was higher than α-T only in cantaloupes, figs, red raspberries, cauliflower, button mushrooms, lettuce, and green peas. α- and γ-Tocotrienols (α- and γ-T3) were measurable in several fruit and vegetables but at levels usually less than 0.1 mg/100 g.