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A novel LC‐MS/MS method for simultaneous estimation of obeticholic acid, glyco‐obeticholic acid, tauro‐obeticholic acid in human plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study

Venkat Rao Valluri, Naresh Kumar Katari, Chirag Khatri, Siva Sankara Rao Yadlapalli, Krishnan Anand, Rambabu Gundla, Srinivasa Rao Polagani
Journal of separation science 2021 v.44 no.7 pp. 1307-1323
Food and Drug Administration, chemical species, humans, isotope labeling, liquid chromatography, males, medicinal properties, metabolites, oral administration, pharmacokinetics, separation, solid phase extraction, tandem mass spectrometry
A rapid, robust, simple, selective, and sensitive liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the simultaneous estimation of obeticholic acid and its two pharmacologically active metabolites, glyco‐obeticholic acid, and tauro‐obeticholic acid in human plasma. The analytes and their heavy stable isotope‐labeled internal standards were extracted from 250 μL human plasma by a solid‐phase extraction technique. The method linearity was established over a concentration range of 0.410 to 120.466 ng/mL for obeticholic acid, 0.414 to 121.708 ng/mL for glyco‐obeticholic acid, and 0.255 to 75.101 ng/mL for tauro‐obeticholic acid. The method was fully validated as per current guidelines on bioanalytical method validation of “United States of Food and Drug Administration” and “European Medicines Agency.” The method was successfully applied to study the pharmacokinetics of obeticholic acid, glyco‐obeticholic acid, and tauro‐obeticholic acid following oral administration of obeticholic acid tablets to healthy male volunteers. All the measured concentrations were within calibration curve ranges.