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Calorimetric evaluation of responses of Sitophilus oryzae and Tribolium confusum to elevated temperatures and controlled atmospheres

Downes, C.J., Van Epenhuijsen, C.W., Lill, R.E., Downes, J.E., Carpenter, A., Brash, D.
Journal of stored products research 2008 v.44 no.3 pp. 295-303
food storage, storage conditions, storage temperature, controlled atmosphere storage, Sitophilus oryzae, Tribolium confusum, storage insects, species differences, insect physiology, calorimetry, analytical methods, thermogravimetry, developmental stages, anaerobic conditions, mortality
Metabolic heat rates, determined by microcalorimetry, were used to measure the effect of controlled atmospheres (CAs) and elevated temperatures on the stored-product insects Sitophilus oryzae (rice weevil) and Tribolium confusum (confused flour beetle). Results for larval and adult stages in air, and in a range of low O2 and/or high CO2 CAs, at temperatures from 15 to 45 °C, showed the general effectiveness of such atmospheres in lowering the lethal temperatures relative to those in air. Effects on adult S. oryzae at 25 °C were explored in more detail in experiments using the following conditions: exposure to anoxic CAs for extended times; exposure to hypoxic CAs; and simulated hermetic storage. A simple scanning calorimetric method was developed for determining lethal temperatures and a combined thermo-gravimetric and differential thermal-analysis method was used to interpret the thermal events, due to loss of water, occurring at and above these temperatures.