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Explaining disparities in food safety compliance by food stores: does community matter
- Pothukuchi, Kameshwari, Mohamed, Rayman, Gebben, David A.
- Agriculture and human values 2008 v.25 no.3 pp. 319-332
- food safety, food security, food quality, compliance, neighborhoods, supermarkets, Michigan
- This paper provides a conceptual framework to explain why disparities may exist in food safety code compliance by food stores in different neighborhoods. Explanations include market dynamics, community characteristics, retailer attributes, inspector characteristics, and enforcement approaches, and interactions among the factors. A preliminary and limited empirical test of some of these relationships in Detroit, Michigan shows a higher rate of food safety violations by stores in poorer neighborhoods and in neighborhoods with higher concentrations of African-American residents. Stores inspected by female inspectors also scored higher numbers of critical violations, suggesting a need for greater examination of the social relations associated with enforcement interactions in food safety studies.