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Multielement Analysis of Argentinean Lemon Juices by Instrumental Neutronic Activation Analysis and Their Classification According to Geographical Origin

Pellerano, R.G., Mazza, S.S., Marigliano, R.A., Marchevsky, E.J.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2008 v.56 no.13 pp. 5222-5225
food analysis, fruit composition, elements, lemon juice, neutron activation analysis, classification, provenance, traceability, discriminant analysis, product authenticity, food quality, Argentina
Multielement analysis of lemon juices from different Argentinean regions was carried out by instrumental neutronic activation analysis (INAA) with the aim at developing a reliable method in the traceability of the origin of lemon juices. This work presents a characterization of 44 lemon juice samples selected from three different geographical origins in the Northwest region of Argentina. Multivariate chemometric techniques such principal component analysis and lineal discriminant analysis (LDA) were used with the aim of classifying the juices and identifying the most significant parameters. Eleven elements were determined (Br, As, Na, Rb, La, Cr, Sc, Fe, Co, Zn, and Sb). The analytical method was validated by analyzing the standard reference material IAEA V-10 (hay powder); the results are within 10% of the reported values for the majority of the elements. Biplots of LDA scores for the INAA data illustrate clear separation between each sample.