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Isoflucypram cardiovascular toxicity in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Xin Chen, Wenhua Li
Science of the total environment 2021 v.787 pp. 147529
Danio rerio, blood, disease control, edema, embryogenesis, environment, fungi, gene expression regulation, heart, hematopoiesis, pericardium, risk, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone), toxicity, yolk sac
Isoflucypram belongs to the new generation of succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides that are commonly used in crop fungal disease control. Evidence indicates that isoflucypram poses a potential risk to aquatic organisms. However, the effects of isoflucypram during early embryogenesis are not fully understood. In the present study, zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0.025, 0.25, or 2.5 μM isoflucypram for three days. Isoflucypram caused severe developmental abnormalities (yolk sac edema, pericardial edema, and blood clotting clustering), hatching delay, and decreased heart rates in zebrafish. The expression levels of cardiac-specific genes (nkx2.5, myh7, myl7, and myh6) and erythropoiesis-related genes (gata1a, hbbe1, hbbe2, and alas2) were disrupted after isoflucypram exposure. Furthermore, enrichment analysis indicated that most of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were enriched in heart development or hemopoiesis processes. Overall, these findings suggest that exposure to isoflucypram is associated with developmental and cardiovascular toxicity in zebrafish.