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Bio-drying of municipal solid waste with high water content by aeration procedures regulation and inoculation

Zhang, Dong-Qing, He, Pin-Jing, Jin, Tai-Feng, Shao, Li-Ming
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.18 pp. 8796-8802
municipal solid waste, water content, drying, aeration, hydrolysis, aerobic conditions, biodegradation, lignocellulose, microbial colonization, microorganisms
To improve the water content reduction of municipal solid waste with high water content, the operations of supplementing a hydrolytic stage prior to aerobic degradation and inoculating the bio-drying products were conducted. A 'bio-drying index' was used to evaluate the bio-drying performance. For the aerobic processes, the inoculation accelerated organics degradation, enhanced the lignocelluloses degradation rate by 10.4%, and lowered water content by 7.0%. For the combined hydrolytic-aerobic processes, the inoculum addition had almost no positive effect on the bio-drying efficiency, but it enhanced the lignocelluloses degradation rate by 9.6% and strengthened the acidogenesis in the hydrolytic stage. Compared with the aerobic processes, the combined processes had a higher bio-drying index (4.20 for non-inoculated and 3.67 for the inoculated trials). Moreover, the lowest final water content occurred in the combined process without inoculation (50.5% decreased from an initial 72.0%).