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Assessment of Attractant Lures and Monitoring Traps for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophidae) Using Electrophysiology, Laboratory Choice Assays, and Field Trials

Catherine M. Little, Peggy L. Dixon, Debra L. Moreau, Thomas W. Chapman, N. Kirk Hillier
Journal of economic entomology 2021 v.114 no.2 pp. 652-675
Drosophila suzukii, blackberries, blueberries, bycatch, color, electrophysiology, entomology, fruits, raspberries
Monitoring is critical to control efforts for Drosophila suzukii Matsumura, an invasive polyphagous fly that has the potential to cause significant losses in commercial soft fruit and berry production worldwide. We used an iterative process to identify trap colors, trap designs, and volatile mixtures to improve monitoring efforts in commercial blueberry, raspberry, and blackberry crops. Our results suggest that the selection of trap color and design and attractant lures should be customized to the crop in which they are deployed. In raspberries grown in high tunnel systems, DrosaLure paired with Drosal traps painted green and purple were highly specific to D. suzukii although actual capture counts were low. However, in field grown raspberries, BioLure and Multilure traps were most effective, but with significant nontarget bycatch. In blueberries, we had greatest success with a 5 µg:50 ng mixture of ethyl acetate–acetoin in a green/purple-colored jar-style trap with large (5 cm) mesh covered openings.