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Porcine IgE in the context of experimental food allergy: Purification and isotype-specific antibodies

Rupa, Prithy, Hamilton, Korinne, Cirinna, Melissa, Wilkie, Bruce N.
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 2008 v.125 no.3-4 pp. 303-314
human diseases, swine diseases, food allergies, hypersensitivity, disease diagnosis, pathogenesis, immune system, immune response, antigen-antibody reactions, cross reaction, antibodies, immunoglobulin E, screening, blood serum, methodology, purification, chromatography, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, animal models, swine, peanuts
Measurement of allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a common practice in the investigation of allergy. It has not been possible to measure porcine IgE due to unavailability of anti-porcine IgE. This study was undertaken to purify and characterize porcine IgE from sera of allergic pigs, identify heterologous anti-IgE reactive with pig IgE and to use purified heavy (H) chain of porcine IgE to generate rabbit anti-IgE. A four-step process for the purification of porcine IgE is reported using ammonium sulphate precipitation, Protein G affinity chromatography, DEAE cellulose anion-exchange chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to obtain IgE H chain. The resultant IgE was evaluated for purity using SDS-PAGE and immunoreactivity was detected by Prausnitz-Küstner (PK) tests and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis with the allergen, crude peanut extract, used to induce experimental allergy. Cross-reactivity with anti-mouse and anti-human IgE antibodies were confirmed in western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). The H chain of IgE was excised from SDS-PAGE gels and used to develop rabbit anti-porcine IgE antisera. Antiserum obtained from rabbits immunized with porcine IgE, as well as heterologous murine and human-specific anti-IgE, induced reverse cutaneous anaphylaxis in pig skin and detected allergen-specific IgE in ELISA but did not react with IgG H chain in western blots. These results confirm allergy-associated bioactivity of porcine IgE and describe both homologous and heterologous anti-pig IgE suitable for use in allergen-specific and other assays. This will enhance utility of pig allergy models and provide an additional measure of type-2 immune response in pigs.