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The impact of resistant starch on characteristics of gluten-free dough and bread

Korus, Jarosław, Witczak, Mariusz, Ziobro, Rafał, Juszczak, Lesław
Food hydrocolloids 2009 v.23 no.3 pp. 988-995
gluten-free foods, breads, dough, resistant starch, corn starch, cassava starch, rheological properties, storage modulus, elasticity (mechanics), shear strength, gelatinization, starch gels, temperature, texture, hardness, dietary fiber, fiber content
The study focused on partial replacement in gluten-free breads of corn starch with tapioca and corn resistant starch preparations. The use of resistant starch resulted in the increase of storage and loss moduli of the dough, and the lowering of loss tangent, which indicates its more elastic character. The incorporation of resistant starch reduced creep and recovery compliance and elevated zero shear viscosity. Modified doughs displayed higher starch gelatinization temperatures and lower viscosities that were proportional to the share of RS. It was found that the loaves baked with the share of resistant starch had less hard crumb than bread without RS addition. The crumb hardness diminished with the increasing amount of applied RS preparation. The addition of resistant starch raised total dietary fibre, by up to 89%, as compared to control (bread without RS addition). The most pronounced change was observed for insoluble dietary fibre (increase 137%), while only slight increase was found for its soluble fraction (18%).