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Properties of biodegradable citric acid-modified granular starch/thermoplastic pea starch composites

Ma, Xiaofei, Chang, Peter R., Yu, Jiugao, Stumborg, Mark
Carbohydrate polymers 2009 v.75 no.1 pp. 1-8
modified starch, films (materials), thermal stability, biodegradable products, starch granules, storage modulus, packaging materials, citric acid, thermoplastics, rice starch, glass transition temperature, water content, composite polymers, tensile strength, permeability
Pea starch-based composites reinforced with citric acid-modified pea starch (CAPS) and citric acid-modified rice starch (CARS), respectively, were prepared by screw extrusion. The effects of granular CAPS and CARS on the morphology, thermal stability, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, the relationship between the mechanical properties and water content, as well as the water vapor permeability of the composite films were investigated. Scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction reveal that the reinforcing agents, the granules of CAPS and CARS, are not disrupted in the thermoplastic process, while the pea starch in the matrix is turned into a continuous TPS phase. Granular CAPS and CARS can improve the storage modulus, the glass transition temperature, the tensile strength and the water vapor barrier, but decrease thermal stability. CARS/TPS composites exhibit a better storage modulus, tensile strength, elongation at break and water vapor barrier than CAPS/TPS composites because of the smaller size of the CARS granules.