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Graft copolymers of starch and its application in textiles
- Meshram, M.W., Patil, V.V., Mhaske, S.T., Thorat, B.N.
- Carbohydrate polymers 2009 v.75 no.1 pp. 71-78
- composite polymers, polymerization, starch granules, particle size, cotton fabric, processing technology, textile finishes, tensile strength, viscosity, reaction mechanisms, hydrogen peroxide, chemical concentration, styrene, lint cotton
- The graft copolymerization of styrene (ST), methyl methacrylate (MMA)/butyl acrylate (BA) with starch was carried chemically using ferrous ion-peroxide redox system. The grafting was performed at 60 °C and the monomer ratios of ST/MMA and ST/BA was varied with their % composition as 80/20, 50/50 and 20/80 parts by weight. The effect of initiator concentration, starch concentration and the monomer ratio on the grafting efficiency was studied. The grafted starch granules (GSG) were further analyzed for their particle size, bulk density and by sizing on cotton yarn for its physico-mechanical properties such as tensile strength, elongation at break, etc. The rheological properties of the resulting granular product in water as well as the starch graft copolymer emulsion were studied.