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The Oro-Ileal Transit of Cellulose
- Oyama, T., Fukuda, S., Shimoyama, T., Takahashi, I., Umeda, T., Danjo, K., Saito, D., Chinda, D., Sakamoto, J., Nakaji, S.
- Journal of food science 2008 v.73 no.9 pp. H229
- dietary fiber, men, ileum, cellulose, gastrointestinal transit, polyethylene glycol, digestibility, adults
- The effects of cellulose and the interindividual variations on the transit time in the small intestine remain unclear, but no previous study has to date taken these factors into sufficient consideration. We assessed the oro-ileal transit time and the recovery percentage of cellulose in the terminal ileum looking at interindividual variations. Seven healthy males received 100 mL of a dietary fiber-free basal diet with 5 g cellulose and 5 g of polyethylene glycol 4000. The ileal contents were aspirated every 30 min via an experimental tube placed in the terminal ileum to assess the oro-ileal transit time and the recovery percentage of cellulose. The mean percentage (with standard deviation) of the amounts of cellulose collected in the terminal ileum was 98.4%± 16.5% (ranging from 67.4% to 114.5%) with a coefficient variation of 16.8%. The average times (in hours) taken for 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% of cellulose to reach the terminal ileum were 5.5 ± 1.1, 6.7 ± 0.7, 8.5 ± 1.3, and 8.8 ± 1.2, respectively, with large interindividual variations. In conclusion, the averaged recovery percentage of cellulose in the terminal ileum was approximately 100%, in accordance with the present generally accepted definition of dietary fiber. However, there were large interindividual variations in the oro-ileal transit time and the percentage of cellulose recovered.