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Serological proteome analysis of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from sub-clinical mastitis

Tedeschi, Gabriella, Taverna, Francesca, Negri, Armando, Piccinini, Renata, Nonnis, Simona, Ronchi, Severino, Zecconi, Alfonso
Veterinary microbiology 2009 v.134 no.3-4 pp. 388-391
cows, bovine mastitis, etiology, Staphylococcus aureus, pathotypes, serotypes, virulence, microbial genetics, molecular genetics, viral proteins, viral antigens, protein synthesis, proteome, proteomics, immunogenetics, new methods, serodiagnosis, electrophoresis, mass spectrometry
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common aetiologic agent of contagious bovine mastitis. Studies of the molecular epidemiology of S. aureus strongly suggest that some genetic subsets of strains are particularly well adapted for causing infections in cattle. This communication reports the setup of experimental protocols to identify the immunogenic proteins expressed by one of the most common field isolated strain of S. aureus responsible for sub-clinical mastitis cases. The serological proteome analysis (SERPA) approach applied consists of three main steps: two-dimensional electrophoresis-based separation of the proteins contained in field isolated S. aureus extracts enriched for surface proteins, detection of immunogenic spots using anti-serum collected from sub-clinical mastitis cases and identification of antigens by mass spectrometric-based methodologies. The study allowed to identify three immunogenic proteins: DNAase translocase FtsK, ribosomal proteins S1 and a Tell-like protein.