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Antiobesity effect of PEGylated conjugated linoleic acid on high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6J (ob/ob) mice: attenuation of insulin resistance and enhancement of antioxidant defenses

Moon, Hyun-Seuk, Lee, Hong-Gu, Seo, Ji-Hye, Chung, Chung-Soo, Kim, Tae-Gyu, Choi, Yun-Jaie, Cho, Chong-Su
Journal of nutritional biochemistry 2009 v.20 no.3 pp. 187-194
conjugated linoleic acid, polyethylene glycol, weight control, weight loss, mice, animal models, high fat diet, obesity, overweight, body weight, lipid metabolism, insulin resistance, insulin, antioxidants, antioxidant activity, cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, mitochondria, glutathione peroxidase
This study was designed to test that dietary conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) used in a mixture of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 isomers (40% each in weight) coupled to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as PEGylated CLA (PCLA) act as mediators inducing or inhibiting specific metabolic pathways in high-fat (HF)-fed obese C57BL/6J (ob/ob) mice. After an acclimatization period of 7 days, animals were given a normal (control) or HF diet, the latter being added either alone (HF) or with CLA, PEG or PCLA for 6 weeks. Although the food intakes were not different among the dietary groups, final body weights were significantly lower in the HF-PCLA group than in the HF group. Also the HF-PCLA diet strongly prevented the dramatic increase in blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol observed with the HF diet, with no difference in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol between control, HF and HF-PCLA treatments. Furthermore, homeostasis model assessment levels showed a marked decrease in HF-PCLA-fed mice, preventing the increase found in mice fed the HF diet, and suggesting that PCLA lowered insulin resistance in HF-mice. The liver steatosis observed in mice fed the HF diet was also prevented by PCLA. Interestingly, the activity of mitochondrial glutathione peroxidase was increased by PCLA, which may enhance antioxidant defenses. Overall, PCLA exerted its beneficial effects through reduction of lipid accumulation and attenuation of insulin resistance induced by the HF diet in obese C57BL/6J (ob/ob) mice, which might confer to these products antiobesity properties in other species.