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Fruits and vegetables availability for human consumption in Latin American and Caribbean countries: Patterns and determinants
- Asfaw, Abay
- Food policy 2008 v.33 no.5 pp. 444-454
- fruits (food), vegetables, food availability, food consumption, humans, geographical variation, kitchen waste, dietary recommendations, poverty, income, food prices, urbanization, Latin America, Caribbean
- Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases in the world. This study examined the patterns and determinants of F&V availability for human consumption in Latin American and Caribbean countries between 1991 and 2002. The results showed that there were considerable disparities between and within countries and only one-third of the sampled countries (if only 20% wastage is assumed) could achieve the World Health Organization's recommendation of 146 kg of F&V intake/capita/year. The elasticities estimated from a fixed effect regression also showed that income, urbanization, price, and poverty were some of the important factors that affect the long-term availability of F&V.