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Characterization of VP2 gene of an Indian Bluetongue virus serotype 2 and its close phylogenetic relationship to the Taiwan isolate

Balumahendiran, M., Sreenivasulu, D., Kumar, C. Ashok, Suryanarayana, V.V.S., Byregowda, S.M.
Research in veterinary science 2009 v.86 no.2 pp. 332-338
bluetongue, Bluetongue virus, pathotypes, serotypes, microbial genetics, molecular genetics, genome, genomics, genetic variation, genes, viral proteins, structural proteins, nucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, strain differences, antigenic variation, phylogeny, geographical variation, polymerase chain reaction, restriction mapping, India, Taiwan
In this study we present the first report on partial amplification, sequencing and phylogenetic relationship of VP2 of the Indian isolate BTV-2. A PCR product of 1135 bp was amplified, cloned and sequenced. About 1063 bp of partial VP2 gene (1792-2854 bp region) of the Indian isolate was subjected to sequence analysis with already published sequences available in the genome database. The percent similarity of 85.2 was observed with Taiwan isolate and 59% with other isolates of BTV-2. However, 46.2% similarity with Australian BTV-1 and no significant similarity were noted with other serotypes. In-silico analysis and restriction enzyme digestion confirmed the presence of conserved SalI site at 2380 bp position in both Indian and Taiwan isolates. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all BTV-2 isolates formed one distinct group in which BTV-2 Indian and Taiwan isolate is more closely related and further demonstrated that BTV's of the same serotype from different geographical regions were closely related at nucleotide and amino acid level, respectively.