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Biosolutions to the energy problem
- Demain, Arnold L.
- Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology 2009 v.36 no.3 pp. 319-332
- biofuels, ethanol, renewable energy sources, corn, Zea mays, sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum, lignocellulose, biomass, cellulose, hydrolysis, fermentation, sugars, ethanol production, Gram-negative bacteria, cellulases, Gram-positive bacteria, biodiesel, petroleum, gasoline, United States
- We are in an energy crisis caused by years of neglect to alternative energy sources. There are many possible solutions and a number of these are based on microorganisms. These include bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, biohydrocarbons, methane, methanol, electricity-generating microbial fuel cells, and production of hydrogen via photosynthetic microbes. In this review, I will focus on the first four possibilities.