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Auxin regulation of gibberellin biosynthesis in the roots of pea (Pisum sativum)

Weston, Diana E., Reid, James B., Ross, John J.
Functional plant biology 2009 v.36 no.4 pp. 362-369
plant growth, biosynthesis, peas, gibberellic acid, translocation (plant physiology), biochemical pathways, auxins, Pisum sativum, roots
Auxin promotes GA biosynthesis in the aboveground parts of plants. However, it has not been demonstrated previously that this interaction occurs in roots. To understand the interactions between auxin and GAs in these organs, we treated wild-type pea (Pisum sativum L.) roots with the inhibitors of auxin action, p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (PCIB) and yokonolide B (YkB), and with the auxin transport inhibitor N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA). These compounds generally downregulated GA synthesis genes and upregulated GA deactivation genes, and reduced the level of the bioactive GA₁. These effects indicate that in pea roots, auxin at normal endogenous levels stimulates GA biosynthesis. We show also that supra-optimal levels of exogenous auxin reduce the endogenous level of bioactive GA in roots, although the effect appears too small to account for the strong growth-inhibitory effect of high auxin levels.