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Real-time PCR for identification of Brucella spp.: A comparative study of IS711, bcsp31 and per target genes
- Bounaadja, Lotfi, Albert, David, Chénais, Benoît, Hénault, Sylvie, Zygmunt, Michel S., Poliak, Sylvie, Garin-Bastuji, Bruno
- Veterinary microbiology 2009 v.137 no.1-2 pp. 156-164
- zoonoses, Brucella, brucellosis, disease detection, disease diagnosis, polymerase chain reaction, new methods, rapid methods, DNA probes, genes, transposons, ligases, molecular epidemiology, pathogen identification, validity, accuracy, phylogeny, molecular genetics
- Culture is considered as the reference standard assay for diagnosis of Brucella spp. in humans and animals but it is time-consuming and hazardous. In this study, we evaluated the performances of newly designed real-time PCR assays using TaqMan® probes and targeting the 3 following specific genes: (i) the insertion sequence IS711, (ii) bcsp31 and (iii) per genes for the detection of Brucella at genus level. The real-time PCR assays were compared to previously described conventional PCR assays targeting the same genes. The genus-specificity was evaluated on 26 Brucella strains, including all species and biovars. The analytical specificity was evaluated on a collection of 68 clinically relevant, phylogenetically related or serologically cross-reacting micro-organisms. The analytical sensitivity was assessed using decreasing DNA quantities of Brucella ovis, B. melitensis bv. 1, B. abortus bv. 1 and B. canis reference strains. Finally, intra-assay repeatability and inter-assay reproducibility were assessed. All Brucella species DNA were amplified in the three tests. However, the earliest signal was observed with the IS711 real-time PCR, where it varied according to the IS711 copy number. No cross-reactivity was observed in all three tests. Real-time PCR was always more sensitive than conventional PCR assays. The real-time PCR assay targeting IS711 presented an identical or a greater sensitivity than the two other tests. In all cases, the variability was very low. In conclusion, real-time PCR assays are easy-to-use, produce results faster than conventional PCR systems while reducing DNA contamination risks. The IS711-based real-time PCR assay is specific and highly sensitive and appears as an efficient and reproducible method for the rapid and safe detection of the genus Brucella.