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Good Grubbin': Impact of a TV Cooking Show for College Students Living Off Campus

Clifford, Dawn, Anderson, Jennifer, Auld, Garry, Champ, Joseph
Journal of nutrition education and behavior 2009 v.41 no.3 pp. 194-200
food beliefs, self-efficacy, food intake, motivation, nutrition education, health promotion, home food preparation, young adults, college students, cooking instruction, food choices, nutrition knowledge, vegetables, cooking, food frequency questionnaires, television
Objective: To determine if a series of 4 15-minute, theory-driven (Social Cognitive Theory) cooking programs aimed at college students living off campus improved cooking self-efficacy, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding fruit and vegetable intake. Design: A randomized controlled trial with pre-, post- and follow-up tests. Setting: University campus. Participants: Students (n = 101) from upper-level nonhealth courses (n = 37 male and n = 94 living off campus). Intervention: The intervention group (n = 50) watched 4 weekly episodes of the cooking show, Good Grubbin'. The control group (n = 51) watched 4 weekly episodes on sleep disorders. Main Outcome Measures: Demographic information; knowledge, self-efficacy, motivations, barriers of eating fruits and vegetables; self-efficacy, motivations, barriers and behaviors of cooking; fruit and vegetable intake food frequency questionnaire. Analysis: Repeated-measure analysis of variance and chi-square analyses were used to compare outcome variables. Results: There were significant improvements in knowledge of fruit and vegetable recommendations in the intervention group compared to the control group postintervention and at 4-month follow-up (P < .05). There were no significant changes in fruit and vegetable motivators, barriers, self-efficacy or intake. Conclusions and Implications: A television show on nutrition and cooking may be influential in changing students' knowledge, but it seems to have little impact on dietary behaviors. With a recent increase in popularity of cooking shows, future research should investigate the impact an extended cooking and nutrition show series might have on young adult viewers.