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Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from dairy-based food products

Harakeh, Steve, Saleh, Imane, Zouhairi, Omar, Baydoun, Elias, Barbour, Elie, Alwan, Nisreen
Science of the total environment 2009 v.407 no.13 pp. 4022-4027
Listeria monocytogenes, antibiotic resistance, multiple drug resistance, antimicrobial agents, food pathogens, dairy products, cheeses, fermented milk, traditional foods, food contamination, pathogen identification, Lebanon
In this study Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) was isolated from three traditionally consumed Lebanese dairy-based food products. One hundred and sixty four samples (45 samples of Baladi cheese, 36 samples of Shankleesh and 83 of Kishk) were collected from the Bekaa Valley in the Northeast region of Lebanon. Suspected Listeria colonies were selected and initially identified by using standard biochemical tests. Initial identification of the positive L. monocytogenes colonies was confirmed at the molecular level by Polymerase Chain Reaction (n =30) and the confirmed isolates were evaluated for their susceptibility to 10 commonly used antimicrobials. All of the 30 isolates were confirmed to be L. monocytogenes yielding a PCR product of ~660 base pairs (bp). L. monocytogenes was detected in 26.67%, 13.89% and 7.23% of the Baladi cheese, Shankleesh and Kishk samples, respectively. The highest resistance in L. monocytogenes isolates was noted against oxacillin (93.33%) followed by penicillin (90%). The results provide an indication of the contamination levels of dairy-based foods in Lebanon and highlight the emergence of multi-drug resistant Listeria in the environment.