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Biomass chemical looping gasification for syngas production using modified hematite as oxygen carriers

Cong Jiang, Xiaoyu Jin, Tingting Xu, Bo Xiao, Zhiquan Hu, Xun Wang
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2023 v.125 pp. 171-184
biomass, calcium oxide, clean energy, feedstocks, gasification, hematite, oxygen, steam, synthesis gas, temperature, China
Syngas is a clean energy carrier and a major industrial feedstock. In this paper, syngas was produced via biomass chemical looping gasification (CLG) process. Hematite, the most common Fe-based oxygen carrier (OC), was modified with different metal oxides (CeO₂, CaO and MgO) by the impregnation method. The hematite modified by CeO₂, CaO and MgO was namely as CeO₂-hematite (CeO₂-H), CaO-hematite (CaO-H) and MgO-hematite (MgO-H), respectively. The introduction of CeO₂, CaO and MgO enhanced the reactivity of lattice oxygen of hematite. The optimum condition for syngas production had been explored as the mass ratio of oxygen carrier to biomass (O/B) of 0.2, the mass ratio of steam to biomass (S/B) of 0.75 and temperature of 800°C in the biomass CLG process. The CeO₂-H exhibited the most wonderful performance compared to that for CaO-H and MgO-H. The crystal composition of OC influenced greatly in the CLG process. CeFeO₃ had a good oxygen mobility property and lattice oxygen releasing capacity due to the most oxygen vacancy distributed on the OC surface and the most active lattice oxygen, which is conducive to the biomass chemical looping gasification process for syngas production, leading to the highest gasification efficiency of 95.86% and gas yield of 1.20 m³/kg of the three. Cyclic test proved that CeO₂-H had well sintering resistance and cyclic performance.