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Eating styles and energy intake in young women

Anschutz, Doeschka J., Van Strien, Tatjana, Van De Ven, Monique O.M., Engels, Rutger C.M.E.
Appetite 2009 v.53 no.1 pp. 119-122
energy intake, women, human nutrition, young adults, eating habits, dietary restriction, human behavior, mathematical models, emotions, fat intake, carbohydrate intake
The aim of the present study was to examine the relations between restrained, emotional, and external eating and total energy intake, and total fat and carbohydrate intake controlling for body mass index and physical activity. The sample consisted of 475 female students. Energy intake was measured over a 1-month period using the self-report Food Frequency Questionnaire and eating styles were assessed with the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was used to analyze the data. The results showed that restrained eating was consistently negatively related to energy intake and fat and carbohydrate intake, whereas external eating was positively related to all dependent variables. Emotional eating was not related to energy intake or fat and carbohydrate intake. Thus, restrained eaters seem to restrict their energy intake, while external eating was found to be associated with higher levels of energy intake, especially of fat intake.