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In vitro evaluation of combination of Trichoderma harzianum and chitosan for the control of sapstain fungi

Chittenden, Colleen, Singh, Tripti
Biological control 2009 v.50 no.3 pp. 262-266
fungal antagonists, temporal variation, sapstain fungi, application rate, dose response, chitosan, Leptographium, postharvest diseases, hyphae, disease control, dosage, microbial growth, sawlogs, Sphaeropsis, spore germination, Trichoderma lixii, culture media, in vitro studies, biological control
In vitro assays were undertaken to evaluate the control of two sapstain fungi, Leptographium procerum and Sphaeropsis sapinea by a combination of chitosan or chitosan oligomer and an albino strain of Trichoderma harzianum. Spore germination and hyphal growth of the test fungi were assessed on media amended with chitosan or chitosan oligomer with and without T. harzianum using either simultaneous inoculation with test fungus or inoculation 1, 2, or 3 days after pre-infection with test fungus. There was no mycelial growth of the test fungi regardless of chitosan concentrations used when either L. procerum or S. sapinea was simultaneously inoculated with T. harzianum. However, the dose-response of chitosan or chitosan oligomer on the test fungi was apparent when T. harzianum was not simultaneously inoculated with test fungus but introduced later. There was a greater growth reduction at higher concentrations (0.075-0.1% v/v) of chitosan, and overall chitosan oligomer was more effective than chitosan aqueous solution. Chitosan alone was able to restrict or delay the germination of spores but the combination of chitosan and T. harzianum inhibited spore germination and hence colony formation of test fungi regardless of time delay.