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Abiotic stress enhances androgenesis from isolated microspores of some legume species (Fabaceae)

Ochatt, S., Pech, C., Grewal, R., Conreux, C., Lulsdorf, M., Jacas, L.
Journal of plant physiology 2009 v.166 no.12 pp. 1314-1328
Pisum sativum, peas, Lathyrus sativus, Lathyrus cicera, Lathyrus ochrus, Medicago truncatula, legumes, Fabaceae, microspores, microsporogenesis, embryo (plant), androgenesis, abiotic stress, genetic variation
To induce androgenesis in field pea, grass pea and the model legume species Medicago truncatula, isolated microspores of various genotypes of these three species were submitted to a range of abiotic stresses prior to and during their initial culture, in order to stimulate them to divide and form embryos. Some stress agents had a positive effect on androgenesis from the treated microspores. Submission of flower buds to a cold period prior to anther excision or microspore isolation, modifying the osmotic pressure of the medium during initial culture and electroporation of isolated microspores were the three major individual stress agents to have an impact on the efficiency of androgenetic proliferation and subsequent differentiation from the microspores of pea, grass pea and M. truncatula genotypes. A combination of osmotic and electric shocks significantly improved responses from isolated microspores and yielded microcalluses and then calluses, but only few underwent morphogenesis. Further work is under way to improve responses and extend them to other genotypes. The results reported here are, to the best of our knowledge, the first successful results from isolated microspores of these species.