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Neuroprotective effect of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells via activating TGR5 and suppressing apoptosis

Zhiqiang Liu, Xing Li, Zhongxing Ye, Hai Lin
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2022 v.593 pp. 13-19
apoptosis, bone marrow, cell cycle, exosomes, glucose, immunohistochemistry, infarction, mortality, neuroprotective effect, oxygen, rats, research, therapeutics
Cerebral infarction has become one of the most common neurovascular diseases, and it leads to a high disability and death rate. The exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs-exo) have been viewed as a potential therapeutic method for some diseases. However, the role of BM-MSCs-exo in cerebral infarction remains unclear. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat and oxygen and glucose deprived cell models were established. Neurological score, animal behaviors, TTC-staining, HE staining, and immunohistochemical staining were performed to evaluate neuro function recovery. Floy cytometry was applied to detect apoptosis and cell cycle. BM-MSCs-exo significantly improved infarction ratio and neurological function after MCAO, and the influence of BM-MSCs-exo on neuro function recovery could be reversed by knocking down TGR5. Meanwhile, BM-MSCs-exo could remarkably activate TGR5 in vivo. The suppression of apoptosis by BM-MSCs-exo in vivo and in vitro was remarkably reversed by siRNA TGR5. BM-MSCs-exo promoted the animal recovery after MCAO. The neuroprotective effect by BM-MSCs-exo might be achieved by activating TGR5 and inhibiting apoptosis. Our findings provide a potential therapeutic thought for the treatment of cerebral infarction through BM-MSCs-exo targeting TGR5 and inhibiting apoptosis.